S&P 500: “Limit Down” Index Futures Mask Even Worse Selling Pressure
Matt Weller, CFA, CMT March 16, 2020 12:01 PM
Last week, countless traders became familiar with the overnight price thresholds on US equity index futures. Lest you’ve forgotten, futures contracts on the S&P 500 can only move higher or lower by 5% before reaching the price “limit” beyond which they can’t trade until markets reopen. By my count, we saw two “limit down” days (-5%) last week and one “limit up” day (+5%).
Despite unprecedented actions from central banks around the globe, including a -1.00% interest rate cut and new $700B QE program from the Federal Reserve among other dramatic actions by the RBNZ, BOJ, and BoK, equity index futures are once again locked limit down. Worse still, futures contracts on equity index ETFs, which do not have such limits, are pointing to a -10% drop in major US indices at the open.
At this point, we seem likely to see another “rare” market procedure that’s become alarmingly common of late: a 15-min “circuit breaker” pause to trading shortly after the markets open up for a -7% drop in the S&P 500. For interested traders, the relevant “circuit breaker” levels to watch on the S&P 500 today are as follows:
- -7% Level 1 Circuit Breaker (15-minute trading pause): 2,521
- -13% Level 2 Circuit Breaker (15-minute trading pause): 2,359
- -20% Level 3 Circuit Breaker (trading halted for the rest of the day): 2,169
Source: TradingView, GAIN Capital
In terms of individual stocks to watch, pre-market trading is showing an ugly picture across the board, with every major sector poised to open sharply lower. Notable pre-market moves include the following:
- Apple (AAPL) is plunging -12% as of writing. Though the company has reopened its stores in mainland China, it’s closed all of its other outlets for the next two weeks.
- Airline stocks are collapsing, with Delta (DAL) and United (UAL) both poised to open down by more than -14%.
- Big bank stocks are also on the selling block, despite the Fed’s attempts to keep them well financed: Bank of America (BAC) -17%, JP Morgan Chase (JPM) -16%, Goldman Sachs (GS) -13%, Citigroup (C) -18%
- Even video conferencing standout Zoom Communications (ZM) is pointing to a -4% lower open.
As it stands, traders are desperate for a big fiscal stimulus package from the US government. As others have noted, the fundamental nature of the virus and resulting quarantine cannot be solved by monetary policy; it will require direct payments and subsidies from the federal government to tide households and businesses over while they wait out the worst of the virus’s spread.
Unless and until we see progress on the fiscal stimulus front, US stocks (and equity markets the world over) will remain under pressure.
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