DAX 30 index trading guide: constituents, market hours and how to trade

The DAX 30 is Germany’s flagship stock index. Discover more about what moves the DAX 30 price, the nature of its constituents, and how you can go about trading it.


Click the links below to jump straight to a topic.

What is the DAX 30?

The DAX 30, or Deutscher Aktien Index, is a stock index that tracks the 30 largest publicly-listed German companies trading on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. Created in 1988 with a value of 1,000, the DAX 30 index is weighted by market capitalisation, with the companies listed accounting for around 75% of the total market cap of the wider exchange.

The DAX 30 is often used as a benchmark for the health of the German and European economy, but is also significant in global terms due to Germany’s worldwide commercial and industrial influence. It is worth noting that the DAX 30 price factors in reinvested dividend payments, unlike other major indices.

About DAX 30 constituents

The largest constituents of the index are automobile giant Volkswagen, software juggernaut SAP and chemicals luminary Linde. Also, among the more high-profile businesses featured are clothing and footwear brand Adidas and global utility company E.ON. A recent addition to the index is Siemens Energy AG, which was listed in March 2021.   

Here’s how the DAX 30 sector composition looked at the close of 2020. Source: Siblis Research

DAX 30 constituents by sector

Want to see the full list of companies? Click here.

How do companies list on the DAX 30?

In order to list on the DAX, companies must adhere to strict selection criteria and are reviewed quarterly to ensure their continued compliance. Such criteria include:

  • A minimum free-float of 10%
  • A legal or operating base in Germany
  • A listing in the Prime Standard segment (only for companies meeting stringent transparency rules)

Ongoing requirements for companies listed on the DAX are the submission of regular financial reports, audited earning reports, and minimum capital requirements.

How is the DAX 30 calculated?

The DAX is calculated and updated every second through the electronic trading system Xetra. It uses free-float methodology, which takes into account the number of readily-available shares and disregards those that cannot be traded, such as government-owned shares.

What does the DAX 30 price mean?

The price of the DAX 30 indicates whether the value of the companies on the index are rising or falling. If the price of the DAX 30 is increasing, it means that a specific company or group of companies are experiencing gains, which is reflected in the price of the overall index. Likewise, if the DAX 30 price is falling, it means that companies on the index are experiencing a decline in price.

How much the DAX’s price moves will depend on the company’s weight in the index. So, changes in the biggest companies on the DAX 30, such as SAP, Volkswagen or Linde – will have a larger impact on the overall index than smaller cap firms like Fresenius, Continental or RWE. 

DAX 30 price history

Take a look at the history of the DAX 30 since 2011, documenting some of the fundamental drivers that impacted the index’s price movements.

DAX 30 price history

What affects the DAX 30 price?

There are many potential price movers of the DAX including exchange rates, European Central Bank policy, socio-political events, chart technicals, and the performance of highly-weighted stocks in the index.

Traders should be aware that while such drivers may be expected to move the index in a given direction, there is no guarantee that the move will play out. That said, here are a few of the key factors that are worth considering when trading the DAX 30.

Exchange rates

The movement of the euro against other currencies is widely seen as a key influencer of the DAX 30 index; indeed, the DAX often shows a negative correlation to the euro. For example, as the euro weakens against USD, German exports to the US, paid for in USD, are worth more when converted back to euros. This may buoy German multinational profit margins and, in turn, encourage confidence in the index.

Conversely, a stronger euro may mean interest in the DAX 30 is dampened as international sales are worth less.

Individual company performance

As mentioned, companies that are weighted the highest in the index are more capable of moving the index than smaller constituents. For example, SAP, the largest company in the DAX 30 with the most substantial weighting, suffered a 20% dip in October 2020 that was a major contributor to the wider index falling 2.6%.

Socio-political events

Events such as Brexit, the Great Recession and the coronavirus pandemic are all capable of hitting market demand in one way or another. For example, the pandemic in 2020 had a particularly outsized impact on key sectors such as aviation and banking, with Lufthansa and Deutsche Bank seeing share prices plummet in March 2020.

Average returns of the DAX 30

Over the last ten years, the DAX has produced an average annual return of 8.2%. The DAX’s average returns are essentially what managed funds will have earned in profit for investors over the course of a year.

You can see the yearly returns from 2011-2020 below. Remember, past returns are no guarantee of future performance.

DAX 30 returns year on year

DAX 30 market hours

The DAX 30 market hours are between 9am – 5.30pm in Central European (CET) time but out of hours prices are also calculated through the late DAX (5.30pm – 10pm CET time) and early DAX (8am to 9am CET time). The index is usually available for trading 24 hours a day.

How to trade the DAX 30

There are a number of ways that you can trade the DAX 30; the most common are derivatives such as CFDs, futures and options, as well as ETFs. All of these instruments enable you to get exposure to all 30 companies from a single position.


Contracts for difference (CFDs) are derivatives that take their price from the underlying market, in this case the DAX 30. As you’ll never be taking ownership of an asset, you can speculate on whether the UK index is going to rise or fall in value.

Learn more about CFDs.

DAX futures

Futures contracts are agreements to exchange an asset a set price on a set expiry date. Unlike most futures, DAX 30 contracts don’t have an underlying physical asset to exchange, as an index is nothing more than a number representing a group of stocks.

DAX 30 options

DAX 30 options are contracts that give you the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell the index at a set price on a set date.

When DAX 30 options are available to trade with us, you’d be doing so via CFDs. 

DAX stocks and ETFs

You can also trade the DAX through ETFs, or investment instruments that hold a group of stocks – in this case, the shares of constituents on the index. City Index offers the iShares TecDax, which does not cover the DAX 30 constituents, but does track the 30 largest tech stocks on the wider Frankfurt Stock Exchange, so may be of interest to those trading DAX 30 separately.

Alternatively, stocks on the DAX 30 can naturally be traded individually, offering an opportunity to focus on particular sectors of interest.

Find out more about share trading with us.

DAX 30 companies ranked by market capitalisation

Here is a list of DAX 30 companies listed by market cap, correct as of May 26 2021. 



Company name





















Deutsche Telekom






Deutsche Post


















Henkel vz.



Münchener Rückversicherungs-Gesellschaft



Delivery Hero









Deutsche Börse



Deutsche Bank












Fresenius Medical Care



Siemens Energy



Deutsche Wohnen






MTU Aero Engines





More from Germany

Disclaimer: The information on this web site is not targeted at the general public of any particular country. It is not intended for distribution to residents in any country where such distribution or use would contravene any local law or regulatory requirement. The information and opinions in this report are for general information use only and are not intended as an offer or solicitation with respect to the purchase or sale of any currency or CFD contract. All opinions and information contained in this report are subject to change without notice. This report has been prepared without regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any particular recipient. Any references to historical price movements or levels is informational based on our analysis and we do not represent or warranty that any such movements or levels are likely to reoccur in the future. While the information contained herein was obtained from sources believed to be reliable, author does not guarantee its accuracy or completeness, nor does author assume any liability for any direct, indirect or consequential loss that may result from the reliance by any person upon any such information or opinions.

Futures, Options on Futures, Foreign Exchange and other leveraged products involves significant risk of loss and is not suitable for all investors. Losses can exceed your deposits. Increasing leverage increases risk. Spot Gold and Silver contracts are not subject to regulation under the U.S. Commodity Exchange Act. Contracts for Difference (CFDs) are not available for US residents. Before deciding to trade forex and commodity futures, you should carefully consider your financial objectives, level of experience and risk appetite. Any opinions, news, research, analyses, prices or other information contained herein is intended as general information about the subject matter covered and is provided with the understanding that we do not provide any investment, legal, or tax advice. You should consult with appropriate counsel or other advisors on all investment, legal, or tax matters. References to Forex.com or GAIN Capital refer to GAIN Capital Holdings Inc. and its subsidiaries. Please read Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options.

Open an Account