Patrick Foot

A headshot of Patrick Foot, financial writer for and CityIndex

Patrick Foot

Senior Financial Writer

Expertise: Education/Equities/Technical analysis/Strategies

Experience: 8+ years writing about the financial markets

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GVZ index: Your guide to the gold volatility index

The GVZ index – otherwise known as the gold volatility index – is a leading measure of risk in the precious metal market. Because of this, it’s often called the ‘gold VIX’.

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October 2, 2023 11:06 AM
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ATR indicator: What is the average true range in trading?

The average true range is a technical indicator that tells you a market’s current volatility – making it a key part of many successful strategies. Learn how to use the ATR indicator in your trading here.

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September 27, 2023 06:00 AM
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What is short selling and how do you short a stock?

Short selling is a popular trading and investment method used to take advantage of falling market prices. It can be extremely lucrative if you get it right, but it does come with big risks. Discover what shorting a stock is and how to take your first short position.

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May 23, 2023 11:11 AM
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What is a fragmented market?

A fragmented market is a sector that has no single clear leader – instead, lots of players fight out for supremacy. Learn all about fragmented markets, and whether they present trading opportunities, here.

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April 27, 2023 03:49 PM
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The 20 biggest companies in the UK

The United Kingdom – and its benchmark stock index, the FTSE 100 – is home to some world-leading blue-chip businesses. But which are the biggest UK companies of all? Find out with our full list.

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January 6, 2023 11:16 AM
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Trading a rising or falling wedge pattern

The rising and falling wedge patterns can provide useful signals of upcoming price action, if you know how to trade them. Find out everything you need to know about wedges.

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How to trade the flag pattern

Bear and bull flag patterns are two common motifs that can predict the continuation of a trend. Learn all about them here – including how to trade flags, and how flags differ to pennants.

Forex trading

What is the US Dollar Index and how can you trade it?

The US Dollar Index is widely used as a measure of sentiment toward the US dollar. Discover what the Dollar Index is, which currencies are in the basket and how you can use it to inform your forex trades.

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May 17, 2022 10:58 AM

How to trade the morning star candlestick pattern

The morning star and evening star patterns are essential tools in a technical trader’s kit. Learn how to start trading with them here – including how to spot morning stars, when to trade and more.

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August 10, 2021 02:38 AM