Techniques of successful traders
Six common forex trading mistakes
- Not doing your homework
- Risking more than you can afford
- Trading without a safety net
- Trading from scratch
- Trading with emotion
Trading forex can be a rewarding and exciting challenge, but it can also be discouraging if you are not careful. Whether you’re a beginner trader or an experienced veteran, avoiding these common forex trading mistakes can help keep you on the right track.
1. Not doing your homework
Currency pairs are closely linked to national economies and are affected by many factors. They are also traded 24/5, meaning there is usually something going on that will move the markets.
Before entering a trade, make sure you do your homework. Not only should you be aware of upcoming events that could affect your trade, but you also need to forecast which way these events could swing the markets. Pay attention to what your technical indicators are telling you and how they compare to your fundamental analysis.
2. Risking more than you can afford
One common mistake new traders make is misunderstanding how leverage works. Familiarize yourself with margin and leverage to help avoid accidentally putting more capital at risk than you had planned.
Many traders find it helpful to set a maximum percentage of their capital that they are willing to risk at one time, usually 1% to 3%. For example, if you have $50,000 of equity and are willing to risk 2% maximum, you would not tie up more than $1,000 at one time. It is important that you stick to that maximum once you set it.
3. Trading without a safety net
You cannot watch the forex markets around the clock. Stop and limit orders help you get in and out of the market at predetermined levels. This not only allows the trading platform to execute trades when you are not available, but it also makes you think through to the end of your trade and set exit strategies before you’re actually in the trade and your emotions get the better of you. Keep in mind that placing contingent orders may not necessarily limit your risk of losses.
A loss never feels good. It can make you emotional and irrational, tempting you to make kneejerk reaction trades that are outside your trading plan.
No trader makes a great trade every time. Accept that losses are part of the reality of trading and stick to your plan. In the long run, your trading plan should compensate for that loss; if not, review your plan and adjust.
5. Trading from scratch
Using your hard-earned capital to test a new trading plan is almost as risky as trading without a plan at all. Before you start trading using real funds, open a practice account and use virtual funds to try out trading plans to get a feel for the trading platform you are using. Although you will not be affected by your emotions the same way you will be when trading your own money, this is also a chance to see how you react to trades not going your way and learn from your mistakes without any risk.
6. Trading with emotion
Forex trading can cause emotions to run high. With currency prices on the move 24 hours a day, keeping stress, fear, greed, and everything else in check is essential to trading successfully. Planning in advance and using different order types can help prevent you from making emotion-fueled trades.
There is a reason why many experienced traders describe trading as repetitive: they don't abandon their rules. They approach the market with an unemotional mechanical method session after session, day after day. They treat winning and losing days the same while concentrating on their long-term goals.
Trade within your means and your ability level to develop the utmost trust in yourself and your system before contemplating raising the stakes.